If a word ending with one of the madd letters (alif, waw or ya) is following by another word that starts with a sukoon – the madd will be dropped when we read these words together without pause.
Let learn this rule with an example
In the above example, let’s look at the highlighted words فِي الْقَتْلَى
What do we mean by the meeting of two saakins?
The word فِي is ending with a saakin letter ya ي (one of madd letters) and the following word الْقَتْلَى begins with a saakin laam ل. In these cases when we are reciting by joining these words (without stopping) then the madd latter (ya, in this example) is dropped and we will read these words without the prolonging of فِي but instead it will be read as فِ
فِي + الْقَتْلَى will be read as فِ + الْقَتْلَى (Fi-l-Qatlaa or FilQatlaa)
Note: If we stop after the word Fee – we have to pronounce and Ya as well. So we would stretch the normal two harakaat (Fee). Then if we were to begin with the word الْقَتْلَى we will read it as Al Qatlaa.
Example with the madd letter waw
We have the meeting of two saakins in the above two highlighted letters. The madd letter wow is followed by a word that begins with a sukoon (remember: a harf mushaddad is nothing but a saakin letter followed by the same mutaharrik letter). So when reading together the waw gets dropped and we read these words as ‘AzamuTTalaaQa’
Another example where the waw gets dropped when reading the words waslan (by joining – without stopping)
Example with the madd letter alif
In the above words when reading waslan the alif gets dropped to prevent the meeting of two saakins.
The words will be read as ‘FeeMakhtalafoo’ & ‘Wamakhtalafa’ (no stretching of alif as its dropped).Follow me on social media: